The Danube Delta is the largest continuous marshland in Europe, including over 5,000km of low alluvial plains that also constitute the greatest stretch of reed beds in the world. Freshwater lakes connected by narrow overgrown channels provide homes to 160 species of fish, including pike, carp, catfish, and sturgeon. The Delta is also a critical waypoint for 320 species of migratory birds from six major eco-regions, stretching from Siberia to Africa.
Human beings are perhaps the least prolific species in the Delta—with an average of 2 people per square kilometer; the area is one of the least inhabited regions of temperate Europe. Other than the small port of Sulina on the Black Sea, the region is entirely composed of small agricultural villages, most with populations under 500 people.
In 1991, the Danube Delta became a World Heritage Site, and in 1998 UNESCO declared the region a Biosphere Reserve shared between Romania and the Ukraine. The city of Tulcea acts as the regional capital and the point of departure for the Delta, it is also the location of the Danube Delta Natural History Museum and the History and Archaeology Museum of Dobrogea.
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